norwegian army cold war

Dag Rune Nilsen, ex-commander of an NM-116 from Panserverneskadron, Brigade Nord (PvEsk/N, Eng: “Tank Squadron, Northern Brigade”), describes here the working relationship with the NM-130 and its crew: “The NM-130 crew was an important part of the Panserverneskadron. Another improvement to the operation of the tank came with the introduction of new radios. The most famous period of Norwegian history and thus military history is the Viking Age, but the early Middle Ages was the era when Norwegian military power in Europe reached its peak. A vast majority of them were handed over as the Germans surrendered. To augment the ambush tactics used with the NM-116, the vehicles would be covered in ‘live’ camouflage. After the Second World War, as part of the United States-led Military Aid Program (MAP), Norway received around 130 M24 Chaffee light tanks to help rebuild its military. In 1958, the inspector of the Finnish Army’s tank section and member of the Ordnance Division, Aaro Manskinen, traveled to the Norwegian Fjords on leave. This type of winter camouflage was used by the Norwegian Army well into the 1980s. A few vehicles went to Museums around Norway, but Museums around the world also began buying them and restoring them for display. This was a tank-killing gun, and could penetrate up to 130 mm (5.11 in) of armor firing an Armor-Piercing Composite Rigid (APCR) shell. For winter, they were covered in a rough white-wash haphazardly lashed on by hand. Værnes, located roughly in central Norway, allowed transit to the North and South of the country. Teknisk Håndbok, Panserjager NM-116: Beskrivelse, Behandling, og Brukerens Vedlikehold (Eng: Technical Manual, Panserjager NM-116: Description, Treatment, and User Maintenance). The engine gave the tank more power as it produced 260 hp, but slowed the tank down to a top speed of 47 km/h (29 mph). It was not uncommon for crews to carry their own selection of preferred equipment, as Dag Nilsen describes: “NM-130 mechanics improvised and added additional equipment that experience had shown they needed. In June 1905 the Storting unilaterally dissolved the 91-year-old union with Sweden. The crane had a maximum lift capacity of 7 tonnes (7.7 tons), as long as the boom was not raised over 25 degrees upwards. In the late-1960s, the Norwegian Military (Forsvaret, Eng: “The Defence”) began an upgrade program with the company of Thune-Eureka A/S, based in the country’s capital, Oslo. The squadron commander did not like the Snoopy icon and wanted us to remove it. Much more successful than the NM-116 itself since the NM-130 did exactly what it was intended for and remained effective for its entire service life.”. Diesel engines perform better in cold temperatures and are also somewhat safer as diesel is less volatile than petrol (gasoline). Here, Dag Rune Nilsen describes how the vehicles were employed: “The NM-116 wasn’t regarded as much of a tank and there were many jokes about it. the.shadock.free.fr (Surviving Pz IIIs). NM-116’s assigned to platoon leaders were equipped with an AN/VRC44 unit, while other tanks were equipped with the AN/VRC64. From 1955 to 1957, Prince Harald (now King Harald V) served in a Chaffee crew during his conscription years. In total – thanks to the NM upgrade programs – the M24 gave the Hæren approximately 47 years of service, making it one of Norway’s longest-serving armored vehicles. It had a 2 to 7 tonne (2.2 – 7.7 ton) capacity, with integral 19-tonne (21 ton) capacity winch. This was not too big of an issue as the increased torque gave it the power to navigate Norway’s tough terrain. Firing a Hulladingsgranat M62 High-Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT) round, the weapon was capable of defeating up to 320 mm (12.6 in) of armor, a vast improvement over the M24s original 75mm gun. Four unmodified M24s were given to the Heimevernet (the Norwegian Home Guard) which operated them well into the late 1970s. A hydraulically driven winch was mounted at the base of the crane boom. The crossword clue 'Norwegian king during the Cold War' published 1 time⁄s and has 1 unique answer⁄s on our system. modellnorge.no Around this time, I was retrained to serve in the Leopard 1A5NO as a reservist. The crane had a relatively low lift capacity as it was not designed to lift the entire vehicle, but just its components. By 1951, the entire KW-III force had been replaced by the 125 Chaffees Norway now had. As the Norwegian citizenry had not been armed or trained in the use of arms for nearly three centuries they were not able to fight. Stamped. Norwegian contributions to international crisis management have been generated from a system that is first and foremost geared towards the rapid activation of mobilization units armed and trained for territorial defence. Also in 1949, Norway and the west became an even more united front. The brigade will be equipped with organic air defence assets. T The Chaffee gave the Norwegian Army one of its earliest experiences in the operation of relatively modern armor after the Second World War, and served as its primary tank for many years. This was likely done to improve the compatibility with new track types. The soldiers had to participate in military drills, while providing supplementary labor to the local community when not in active service. The position consisted of a padded seat and a control desk. During the Winter War, the Norwegian government technically did not allow men to volunteer for the war in Finland out of fear that that would aggravate the Germans and hamper their goal of remaining a neutral country.Nonetheless, more than seven hundred men and women volunteered to fight with Finnish troops including doctors, nurses, and several future leaders of the Norwegian resistance movement such as Max Manus and … Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The NM-116 was the result of a military on a small budget trying to improve the lethality of its tank arsenal. Earth was then built up around the new emplacements, completely burying the tanks. As said above, most of the remaining M24s went into service with the Heimevernet. Those parts of the 25th that would stay in Norway would form a new unit called the “Panzer Division Norway ”. By 1920 the army of Norway was a national militia. ‘Yellow 2’ is currently undergoing full-scale restoration at Muzeum Broni Pancernej, Poznań in Poland, where it has been since 2013. The chalk was then washed off at springtime.”. The Combat Service and Support battalion is the Army's transportation and supply unit. The Norwegian infantry was armed with the Norwegian-designed Krag-Jørgensen rifle of 6.5 mm (pictured). To accommodate this new weapon, the gyrostabilizer had to be removed. From 1946 until the early 1950s, Norway received a total of 125 M24s. I have added the Cold War to engadgments. The gun could be elevated from +15 to -10 degrees. N standard and fitted with the short 7.5cm KwK 37. The Russo-Norwegian War was an armed conflict between Norway supported by fellow NATO countries on one side, and Russia on the other. The focus of the Norwegian military at this time was defending its strategically important airfields. Also, the original 4 shock absorbers per-side were replaced with 2 more effective shock absorbers per-side. The vehicle would enter service under that designation in 1975. The fourth vehicle of the platoon was left in reserve, and would only be mobilized (by reservist troops) in an emergency – eg, an enemy attack. There are also personnel in the special services where other uniforms are required. How the four ARVs were split between the 72-strong NM-116 fleet is also unknown. Abonner. 141) medium tank was developed in the mid-1930s and was designed to fight enemy tanks alongside its larger brother, the Panzer IV, which was originally intended to support the Panzer III and friendly infantry. Also, while the NM-116 kept just two of the original four shock absorbers, the NM-130 kept three, with two at the front, and one at the rear. ww2talk.com These are Fahrgestell 66158, 73651, 74352 and 76219. To avoid breakages while earthmoving, the front-wheel stations of the vehicle were reinforced. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. The purpose of the bunker and the static tanks was to cover the airfield from as many angles as possible, should an enemy attempt to storm it. A few of the vehicles were also equipped with Schürzen add-on armor on the turret and hull sides. In 1994, Norway became the first export customer of the Swedish CV90 Infantry Fighting Vehicle. Fortunately for the Norwegian Military, the United States were keen to keep their European allies strong in the face of an increasing threat from the Soviet Union. For this, the cable was threaded through fairleads (a device that guides a line, rope or cable) placed behind the drum. Thor Christofferson, Former NM-116 Commander, retired. Livonian People's Army - Cold War. 0 comments. These guns also came from ex-Wehrmacht stocks adopted at the end of WW2. www.axishistory.com This work has resulted in a strong academic community and support for a new Cold War museum in Bodø. Norway was one of these countries that was rebuilding after the lengthy Nazi Occupation of the country. Norwegian Army Winter kit - Cold War. Upon arriving in Finland, the tanks were disassembled and all useful parts were stored for later use. Since the 2000s, the military has transformed from a focus on defence from an invasion to a mobile force for international missions. The M24s gave the Norwegian Army (Hæren) excellent service for many years, until the late-1960s. The Norwegian army found the 5 cm gun of the Strvs to be lacking in tank-killing power, so each unit was equipped with at least one StKn KW-III or a towed 7.5 cm PaK 40 anti-tank gun. The point is that all tank crews will regularly amend the tanks for comfort and for practical purposes.”, An article by Mark Nash, assisted by Steffen Hjønnevåg, Dag Rune Nilsen, & Thor Christofferson. The tank was operated by a 5-man crew consisting of a Commander, Gunner, and Loader in the turret, with the Driver and Radio Operator/Bow Machine Gunner in the hull. The NM-116 was very easy to maneuver and we managed several times [on excercise] to trick Leopards battle tanks into short-range traps in wooded areas where their overconfident crews were unable to turn their turrets due to trees making them extremely vulnerable!”. Sola, located on Norway’s south-eastern coast, was an important link with the western Allies. The cable ends in a simple clevis rather than a hook. ‘Yellow 1’ was also one of the tanks buried at Bardufoss airfield. The brigade is formed primarily around three all-arms battlegroups: According to the Norwegian MoD 2012 White Paper the Brigade Nord maneuver elements will be reorganised. They were then … N and an Ausf. When the Norwegian Army was asked what they needed to defend their position, they asked for 120 troops and long-range weapons. It was powered by a 12-cylinder Maybach HL 120 TRM 300 PS, producing 296 hp. digitaltmuseum.no H, built by Motorenwerke Augsburg Nuremberg (MAN) in 1941 and would have been equipped with the short 5 cm KwK 39 L/42 gun. A ‘Tankenstein’ Panzer III consisting of a Ausf. Illustration of Stridsvogn KW-III ‘Yellow 1’ (Fgst.Nr 76219). The NM-130 was the result of the same sort of dilemma; how do you provide a new tank with a new support vehicle without breaking the bank? It was armed with the 75 mm Lightweight Tank Gun M6. The Pz.Abt did not leave Finland until December of 1942, when they were re-deployed in Norway, leaving some of their obsolete equipment behind. This fort was located in the grounds of the airfield, and was a system of former Luftwaffe bunkers built during WW2. For this, four Chaffees were separated from the 116 projects. The Crane Operator’s position was incorporated into the crane boom and was mounted on its right. As the Norwegian citizenry had not been armed or trained in the use of arms for nearly three centuries they were not able to fight. The Chaffee rolled on 5 roadwheels attached to a torsion bar suspension. Clemens Niesner, Norge – Hærens Styrker, Vehicles of the Modern Norwegian Land Forces, Tankograd Publishing

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